What is TZM
TZM alloy is a popular molybdenum-based alloy containing ±0.08% zirconium, ±0.5% titanium, ±0.03% carbon and molybdenum makes up the balance. TZM is short for Titanium zirconium molybdenum alloy. The strength of TZM is two times that of pure Molybdenum when the temperature reaches 1300 degrees Celsius. By combining small amounts of Ti and Zi, TZM moly alloy gains a high recrystallization temperature and consequently yields a higher strength in high temperature. The optimal doping percentages are 0.4 – 0.6% of Titanium, 0.07- 0.12% of zirconium and 0.01-0.04% of carbon.
|Diameter||0.029″ (0.75mm) – 5″ (127 mm)|
|Length||0.15″ (3.81mm) – 48″ (1020mm)|
|Thickness||0.240”(6 mm) to 3.15”(80 mm)|
|Width||Maximum 22″ (558mm)|
|Length||Maximum 80″ (2000mm)|
|Thickness||0.004″ (0.1 mm) to 0.240″ (6 mm)|
|Width||Maximum 26″ (660mm)|
|Length||Maximum 80″ (2000mm)|
|Surface||Ground, Chemical Cleaned, As rolled|
|Composition||Ti 0.5 %, Zr 0.08%, C 0.03%, Mo Balance|
|Standard||ASTM B386 ASTM B387|
As an ISO certified TZM molybdenum products manufacturer, We are capable of offering various types of TZM molybdenum rods, plates and sheets that all meet a consistently high standard that conforms to ASTM B386 and ASTM B387. We have the capacity to provide a fast lead time and handle large-volume contracts. Download PRODUCT CATALOG to learn more about our Molybdenum products.
TZM Alloy Applications
TZM alloy is an attractive material for uses in the high strength, high temperature and vacuum reliant industries such as aerospace, electronics, and thermal treatment. Molybdenum TZM alloy ideally serves these industries especially when a working temperature range needs to be between 700 and 1400°C.
For example, high temperature TZM is a popular molybdenum-based alloy utilized in the furnace and in heat-treating structural components such as shielding and supporting parts. This is because it has a high creep resistance. What is more, TZM molybdenum alloy is extremely suitable to make high temperature and high strength TZM moly forging dies for isothermal forging, non-ferrous and ferrous metals casting and Molybdenum TZM piercing plugs. In addition, TZM alloy is an excellent choice as a weldable and high-recrystallization temperature material used to produce Molybdenum TZM rocket nozzle and TZM hot gas valve for the aerospace application.
TZM Alloy Properties
- Creep Resistance
- High Tensile Strength
- Good Machinability
- High Recrystallization Temperature
- Corrosion Resistance
- Good Weldability
TZM alloy possesses a variety of valuable properties, such as high strength, creep resistance, hardness, and low vapor pressure in high temperature environments. Additionally, it has a low coefficient of expansion, excellent resistance to heat and corrosion and good machinability. Compared with the pure molybdenum, TZM alloy has a more stable crystalline structure and a higher recrystallization temperature. This is due to the small amount of zirconium and titanium doped into the molybdenum substrate. In addition, the composite carbides Mo2C, TiC and ZrC with the extremely fine size refine and restrain the crystalline grain of molybdenum and consequently helps Molybdenum TZM material become more weldable and creep resistant than pure molybdenum.
TZM Molybdenum Mechanical and Physical Properties
TZM Molybdenum Physical Properties
TZM Molybdenum Mechanical Properties
|Tensile Strength||110 (760) ksi (Mpa)-RT|
|Melting Point||4753 °F|
|Elongation||15% in 1.0″.|
|Thermal Conductivity||0.48 Cal/cm2/cm°C/sec||Hardness||220 dph|
|Specific Heat||0.073 Cal/gm/°C|
|Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion||2.50 micro-in/°F x 10-6|
5.20 micro-in/°C x 10-6
|Modules of Elasticity||46000 ksi|
|Electrical Resistance||6.85 micro-ohm-cm|
The two typical methods of manufacturing TZM Molybdenum are powder metallurgy and vacuum arc-casting processes, following which occurs a series of drawing, forging, rolling and other deformations. The working temperature of the deformations needs either below 1300℃ or above 1650℃ in order to avoid being affected by hot brittleness.
Precise Controlled Mixing and Sintering
We put in lots of effort to ensure the Mo, Zr and Ti mixed powders have the best purity and particle sizes. We also put a lot of emphasis on the control of the heating temperature and content of oxygen and hydrogen during the vacuum sintering. Therefore, the TZM materials fabricated at CHEMETAL USA always attain a fine and homogenous microstructure and highly performed properties. These precise quantity controls effectively limit occurrences of cracking, loosening structure, and porosity caused by outgassing. Apart from that, thermal shock fatigue resistance and the carbide strengthening effect can also be guaranteed at the expected level.
Accurate Thermal Forming
TZM materials are very hard to form and mechanize since it has a high ductile to brittle transition temperature. It is brittle even at room temperature. Therefore, the TZM forming process has to follow a series of accurate treatments. The TZM plate and sheet need to be washed by alkaline detergent after each rolling. The stress released annealing is also a critical process that is necessary to perform multiple times at certain rolling steps. Certain aspects of the forging and extruding processes for producing TZM rods also need to be highly controlled, such as the deforming rate and compressing temperature.
TZM Alloy Composition
- P/M and Arc-casting technologies to Manufacture Molybdenum Titanium Zirconium Alloy
- Recent Progress in Research and Application of Molybdenum Alloys
- Annealing Process of MoTiZr Alloy Bars
- The Similar Physical and Chemical Properties of Pure Molybdenum and Molybdenum Alloys