Characterization of the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Cold-Rolled molybdenum sheet

Molybdenum, a refractory metal, is known for its exceptional mechanical properties, such as high strength, ductility, and thermal conductivity. Cold rolling is a processing technique that can significantly alter the microstructure and mechanical properties of metals, including molybdenum. In this article, we explore the microstructure and mechanical properties of cold-rolled molybdenum sheet.

Microstructure Characterization

Cold rolling reduces the thickness of the molybdenum sheets by applying compressive forces while maintaining the width and length constant. This process results in a significant deformation of the metal’s microstructure. Electron microscopy techniques, such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), are employed to observe the microstructural changes.

SEM images reveal that cold rolling introduces significant plastic deformation into the molybdenum microstructure, leading to the formation of a fine-grained structure. TEM analysis further reveals the presence of dislocation networks and subgrain boundaries, indicating intense deformation at the nanoscale.

Mechanical Properties Analysis

The mechanical properties of cold-rolled molybdenum sheets are evaluated through tensile testing and hardness measurements. Tensile testing provides insights into the strength, ductility, and strain hardening behavior of the material. Cold rolling is found to significantly increase the yield strength and ultimate tensile strength of the molybdenum sheets, while maintaining good ductility.

Hardness measurements, such as Vickers hardness testing, reveal that cold rolling increases the hardness of the molybdenum sheets. This increase in hardness is attributed to the refinement of the grain structure and the accumulation of dislocations during the rolling process.


Cold rolling effectively modifies the microstructure and mechanical properties of molybdenum thin sheets. The resulting fine-grained structure and high dislocation density contribute to the improved mechanical properties, making cold-rolled molybdenum sheets suitable for a wide range of applications, including high-temperature, high-stress, and high-wear environments. Future research could focus on optimizing the cold rolling process to further enhance the mechanical properties of molybdenum sheets.